International Center for Legal Studies FAQ
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What is an LL.B. degree? Is it the same as the Juris Doctorate (JD) degree?
The LL.B. is the law degree that meets the legal education requirements in nearly every country that adheres to the Common Law of England. One notable exception is the United States. Until the mid 1960’s, the LL.B. degree was also conferred in the USA. (A visit to the U.S. Supreme Court will reveal the most past and even current Justices hold an LL.B, not a J.D. law degree). Around that time U.S. law schools began to offer law graduates the option to earn a JD degree instead. In fact, many American law schools continue to offer their law graduates the option of earning an LL.B. or a JD. The real question is, is there a difference?
By and large, this is merely an issue of semantics and the JD is not deemed to be of lesser standing than the more traditional LL.B. The American Heritage Dictionary (Second Edition) defines the Juris Doctorate as, "An academic degree that is the equivalent of a [LL.B.]." In the United States, as with the rest of the common law world, the advanced law degree above the JD continues to be the LL.M., or Master of Law. The degree above that is the SJD, JSD or LL.D. - true "Doctor of Laws" degree.
What is the academic requirement for the University of London International Programmes in Laws (LL.B.)?
Advanced Placement (AP) Examination of the American College Board, provided that at least two full subjects are passed with grades 3,4 or 5 (with the exception of Studio Art).
Alberta: Passes in five acceptable Grade 12 courses provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those courses.
B.C.: Passes in five acceptable subjects in the Senior Secondary Graduation Diploma, provided that no less than a grade B is achieved in each of those subjects.
Manitoba: No less than five credits at the 300 Level in at least four subjects areas in the High School Graduation Diploma, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
New Brunswick: Passes in five acceptable subjects in the High School Graduation Diploma, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
Newfoundland: Passes in a least five acceptable subjects in the Grade 12 High School Diploma, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
Nova Scotia: Passes in five acceptable Grade 12 subjects in Honours University Preparatory Courses or in University Preparatory Courses in the High School Completion Certificate, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
Ontario: Passes in six Ontario Academic Courses (OAC’s), provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those courses.
Prince Edward Island: Passes in five acceptable Grade 12 subjects in the High School Graduation Diploma, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
Quebec: Diplome d’Etudes Collegiales (DEC) [Diploma of Collegial Studies].
Saskatchewan: Passes in five acceptable subjects of Division IV standing, provided that at least seventy percent is achieved in each of those subjects.
For information about other countries and regions please contact the ICLS admissions office – click here.
How long will I be studying for my LL.B. degree?
Depending upon the route you choose, the LL.B. degree takes between two to four years of study. However, ICLS recommends that if you study full time, you may want to choose the three year track, and if you study part-time, you may want to choose the four year track. This will allow you ample time to study and absorb the course material properly. This suggestion does not apply to the Graduate Entry Option - see below.
Will an LL.B. degree from an accredited UK University permit me to practice law in other countries?
An LL.B. earned from a UK law school by itself will not permit you to sit for a bar exam in the USA, unless it was earned in residence, full or part-time, at the institution; however, there are States that will permit you to sit for the bar by continuing your education and obtaining an LL.M. degree from a US ABA APPROVED law school. There are also U.S. states that will allow you to sit for the bar exam with an LL.B. by earning an additional specific number of law school course credits. Students or applicants to ICLS are solely responsible for contacting the bar authorities in the jurisdiction they seek admission to for an official answer regarding bar admission rules.
Can I go on to earn an advanced law degree such as an LL.M. degree after I complete the LL.B. degree?
Can I go on to earn an advanced law degree such as an LL.M. degree after I complete the LL.B. degree?
Yes, you can. Many LL.B. law graduates go on to earn advanced degrees such as the LL.M. What many law school admissions committees require is that your first law degree must be from a recognized, fully accredited University in a Common Law jurisdiction.
Will I be studying the law alone?
Students from around the world study with ICLS. It makes no difference whether you live in Hong Kong, New York, Toronto or London: you can study with ICLS because we support you online and individually via Skype or Telephone. In fact, our individual mentors provide academic support to students not normally offered by traditional brick and mortar teaching methods.
You will also be given ICLS lectures every month by experienced law professors, barristers.
In addition, ICLS has developed a fully interactive e-learning format from which you will be able to converse with your fellow classmates and lecturers to discuss lectures, lessons, assignments and exams.
Are my final examinations given online?
No. As with most law schools, your final grades are based solely upon your final examinations. These final exams are proctored and conveniently scheduled during May and June of each year at test sites throughout the world, as arranged by the University of London International Programmes. Many major cities in the United States and Canada have at least one test center location.
Do I need to be a computer expert to use the ICLS e-learning platform?
No, but you should have some familiarity with the following:
- Basic word processing
- A sound knowledge of the procedures for sending/receiving email, including email with attached files
- A fundamental awareness of common computing terms
- General familiarity with your hardware, software, and operating system
What are the benefits of online learning?
Flexibility is major benefit. With online learning from ICLS you will be able to set your own schedule, although you will still have assignment deadlines each month.
What is E-learning?
The term "e-learning" refers to the use of the internet to deliver course materials and facilitate teacher-student interactions. Students use computers to access to online lectures, course messaging boards, assignments, tutor comments and lecture notes.
What does the University of London International Programmes in laws provide by way of study material?
You will receive the University of London International Programmes Subject Guide (a "Resource Guide"), a major text book for each subject, a book on "legal learning" and access to the VLE (Virtual Learning Environment) to obtain many UK cases and/or statutes online. You do not receive any teaching or day-to-day support. During the year the University of London International Programmes will send you a "spring supplement" and "examiner" reports offering updates on current cases or legislation. The examiner reports are helpful in terms of what examiners see as recurrent weaknesses with student exam papers. Outside of this, you are on your own in terms of preparing for your law exams.
How fast can I complete the LL.B. degree from the University of London?
If you're not interested in entering the legal profession, but prefer instead to use your law degree to enhance your career, you can complete the LL.B. in two years under the Graduate Route Entry Scheme A option if you already hold a University degree in another subject area. You will save an entire year compared to the normal route. The only qualification to this statement is that your prior University degree must be recognized as such by the University of London International Programmes admissions committee.
Individuals who already hold a Undergraduate University degree who seek an education in law - but do not desire to practice law - should consider enrolling in the Graduate Route Entry A or B Scheme.
Graduate Scheme A or B is the perfect option for candidates who seek to enrich their career with a law degree, but do not wish to practice law. If you already have a Undergraduate University degree (in any subject area), you can apply to earn your LL.B. in two years (full time) or three years (part time) with The University of London International Programmes in laws. To see the course requirements for either Graduate Route Entry A or B, click here.
Can I have direct contact with my Law Tutors?
When does the University of London International Programmes in Law start each year?
Enrollment starts as early as March in the year PRECEDING THE EXAMS. The latest you can apply to the University of London International Programmes is October 1st during any given year.
When do I need to apply at ICLS?
The sooner the better. Your enrollment should ideally begin in September. See further comments on this issue below. First year students are advised to enroll with ICLS starting August 1st.
Is the tuition payable to ICLS at the time of application or once I receive an acceptance letter?
Your tuition to ICLS is payable with your application since your legal program will start upon payment (usually within 24-48 hours after processing your application and setting up your introduction package). No, you do not have to wait for your acceptance letter from the University of London to start with us so long as you are able to produce evidence of an application to the University of London International Programmes in laws coupled with an evaluation of your academic background by the ICLS admission staff.
How hard is it to get accepted for US students?
If you already hold a University degree in another subject area, your application for admission should be a formality. If you also have an Associates Degree, again, you will be a strong candidate. Two passed AP exams with a grade of at least "3" will also meet the minimum requirements. The University of London will take into account if you possess professional or career experience. If you only have a High School Diploma and no work experience, you will not meet the education requirements for admissions.
Will the University of London law degree (LL.B.) earned under the University's International Programmes Receive standing in Canada?
University of London International Programmes Law (LL.B.) Graduates can receive advanced standing for purposes of entering the legal profession in Canada, so long as they meet the requirements set out by Canadian National Committee on Accreditation.
For an up to date comment by the Canadian National Committee on Accreditation Click Here
Do I pay The International Center for Legal Studies ("ICLS") for University of London fees?
No. Remember, there are TWO institutions involved in your program when you enroll with ICLS. You pay The ICLS fees directly to ICLS. Payment of the University of London Internatiinoal Programmes fees are paid directly to the University of London.
What reasons can you cite as preventing International Programmes students from doing well on their University of London law examinations?
Many students, especially first year students, fail to reach their potential in the exams because they apply so late in the process. For example, too many students simply wait until the summer and up until September to apply. What these students do not realize is that what normally takes 4-5 weeks to process by the International Programmes admissions committee can take up to two months to process for applications received during the summer crush. In other words, students who apply in late summer may not receive an “offer” from the University of London until late October or mid November. Even with this “offer”, students still need to register, receive their materials and finally order their text books. By the time these students begin their studies it could be December or even January! ICLS strongly advises students to apply before June 30th in any given year.
Other reasons as to why students do not do well are related to their “isolation” from other students. Distance learning is a lonely venture, unless you’re connected to tutors and students.
Students simply spend too much time reading and taking notes without applying their knowledge.
Students attempt the LL.B. degree completely on their own and do not realize until the exams that their benchmark for success was too low.
Career and family responsibilities also cause time management problems for students.
Students enrolled with ICLS can manage all of the above obstacles. We understand the University of London degree standard and know what it will take for you to succeed – we’ve been there and that’s why we’re here to make sure you pass your exams the first time.